Switzerland became a nation-state in 1291. The democratic principles in effect at the time still form the basis of political life today. German was the official language of the 3 original cantons (federal states). Nowadays, in addition to German, 18% of the population speak French, 10% speak Italian and 1% Rumansch (a language derived from Latin). Switzerland is an enchanting country with magnificent mountains, alpine pastures, peaceful lakes and medieval towns and cities. Read more... Located in the centre of Europe, it is the ideal place from which you can go to visit bordering countries such as Austria, France, Germany or Italy. For all of these reasons, Switzerland has become a favourite destination for tourists from all over the world.