Language course in Freiburg: Timeline

ESL - Timeline
2010 Freiburg voted European City of the Year by The Academy of Urbanism and cited as “an outstanding example of sustainable urbanism”.

2007 University of Freiburg receives the highest possible distinction in the nationwide Excellence Initiative of the federal and state governments.

1998 Construction begins of Vauban: a "sustainable model district" built on the site of the empty French military base.

1991 The last of French troops leave Freiburg – the city had been administered by France after the end of the Second World War.

1981 Schauinslandturm is constructed. On a clear day you can see the Swiss Alps from the tower.

1960s After car traffic reaches an all-time high, the local government starts considering environmental policies. Trams are updated, unlike in many German cities, where they are removed.

1944 Much of the city centre is destroyed by aerial bombing, but the cathedral is largely undamaged. After the war, the town is rebuilt to the original, medieval plans.

1940 On October 22, the Nazi Gauleiter of Baden orders the deportation of all of Freiburg's Jews, many of whom die at Auschwitz.

1827 The Archdiocese of Freiburg is founded; Freiburg becomes the seat of a Catholic archbishop.

17th/18th Century Freiburg changes hands between European powers regularly.

1536 After around 25% of the city’s inhabitants die of the Black Death, witch-hunts begin.

1529 Erasmus moves to Freiburg after an outbreak of religious fundamentalism in Basel.

1513 Freiburg Münster finished. The tower has 16 bells, the oldest being the "Hosanna" bell from 1258, which weighs 3,290 kilograms. Meanwhile, local peasants stage a revolt against serfdom; as punishment they are quartered, beheaded or have their fingers chopped off.

1498 Emperor Maximilian convenes the Imperial Diet in Freiburg. The diet passes the first German wine purity law.

1457 Albrecht VI, Regent of Further Austria, establishes Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, one of Germany's oldest universities.

1368 Locals buy their independence from the ruling Dukes for the enormous sum of 15,000 silver Marks and choose to align with the Habsburgs.

1327 Freiburg mints its own coin, the Rappenpfennig. The coins depicted an eagle, but it looked more like a raven (“Rabe” in German, or “Rappe” as it was then pronounced). 100th of a Swiss Franc is still called a Rappen.

1299 A butcher named Hauri stabs the Bishop of Strasbourg to death in Freiburg during a battle.

1120 Freiburg founded Duke Konrad of Zähringen as a free market town; hence its name, which translates roughly as "free town". The Duke is inspired by Cologne, where his brother had been imprisoned. 

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