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ESL - Timeline
2008 Abu Dhabi United Group buys Manchester City FC. Three years later, the club wins its first championship for 44 years.

2002 Manchester hosts the Commonwealth Games. The stadium built for the event is inherited by Manchester City FC.

1996 Central Manchester is bombed by the Provisional IRA; the council takes the opportunity to improve on the 1960s architecture that was destroyed.

1994 Local band Oasis release debut album Definitely Maybe.

1990 Ryan Giggs plays his first senior game for Manchester United. He plays his last in 2014.

1983 New Order release Blue Monday, which becomes the biggest selling UK 12” single of all time. Manchester’s music scene is one of the most exciting in the world.

1968 Manchester United win the European Cup.

1945 Matt Busby takes charge of Manchester United and the club’s first golden age begins.

1940 Large parts of the city, including Old Trafford football stadium, destroyed during wartime bombing.

1903 Manchester University is founded. It is now one of the world’s top research universities.

1878 Manchester United is formed as Newton Heath LYR Football Club by the Carriage and Wagon department of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (LYR). Manchester City is formed two years later.

1857 Old Trafford cricket ground opens (see Manchester Tips). It hosts the first ever Ashes test in 1884.

1853 Manchester officially becomes a city.

1845 After living and working in industrial-age Manchester, Friedrich Engels publishes The Condition of the Working Class in England. Three years later, he and Karl Marx publish The Communist Manifesto.

1830 Manchester becomes the site of the world's first passenger railway station (the train runs to Liverpool).

1821 The Manchester Guardian newspaper is founded; it later becomes the Guardian.

1781 Manchester’s first cotton mill opens. The city soon becomes a world hub in the textile industry.

1761 The Bridgewater Canal is opened. Manchester’s canals are now an iconic part of the city.

1719 The first newspaper in Manchester is published.

1603 The plague strikes Manchester. Up to a quarter of the population die.

1301 Manchester is granted a charter, giving the townspeople certain rights.

410 The Roman army leaves Britain and Roman forts and towns are abandoned. The area of Manchester is divided between various kingdoms.

79 AD The Roman fort of Mamucium is established. The name is probably a Latinised form of the old Celtic name meaning "breast-shaped hill".
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