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ESL - Timeline
2020 Galway (along with Rijeka in Croatia) is European Capital of Culture.

2006 Census data shows that Galway’s population has grown by 25% to 72 414 in just ten years. The city booms during the Celtic Tiger boom years.

1972 Part of the city center is destroyed by fire.

1963 American President John Kennedy visits Galway after insisting on a stop in Ireland during a European visit. Kennedy Park is later renamed in his honour but is still known as Eyre Square by many locals.

1919–21 During the Irish War of Independence, Galway is the western headquarters for the British Army.

1857 Two Russian cannons arrive in Galway, having been captured by the 88th regiment during the Crimean War. They are now located at City Hall.

1850 The railway lines reached Galway.

1845 Queens University of Ireland opens in the city.

1840s Galway suffers under famine and its population declines sharply.

1755 A two-metre tsunami hits the city's coast, damaging the Spanish Arch section of the city wall. The tsunami is triggered by the Lisbon earthquake.

1715 All Catholics are ordered to leave the city when fears arise of a French invasion of Ireland.

1689 Galway supports the losing Jacobite side in the English revolution and its fortunes dramatically decline.

1652 Galway surrenders to Oliver Cromwell’s forces in 1652 after a nine-month siege. Plague and expulsions of Catholic citizens follow, and ports on Ireland’s east coast take trade away from the city.

1641 After the Irish Rebellion, Galway’s predominantly Catholic citizens go against their garrison and support the confederate side.

1600 The “Tribes of Galway”, consisting of 14 leading local families, are anxious to have control over their own affairs. Galway becomes culturally and politically aloof (but not isolated) from the surrounding Gaelic and Gaelic-Norman territories.

1562 A bye-law forbids the native Irish (as opposed to Galway's old English citizens) unrestricted access into Galway, saying "neither O' nor
Mac shall strutte nor swagger through the streets of Galway" without permission.

1477 Christopher Columbus visits Galway, possibly stopping off on a voyage to Iceland or the Faroe Islands.

1396 Galway receives a charter to build larger defensive walls, while seeking independence from the feuding Clanrickard Burkes.

1320 St. Nicolas's church is built. It is still standing today.

1270 The original city walls, some sections of which can be seen today near the Spanish Arch, are constructed.

1232 Following an unsuccessful week-long siege in 1230, Dún Bhun na Gaillimhe is captured by Richard Mor de Burgh. Over the following century Galway thrives under the de Burghs (Burkes), becoming a small walled town.

1124 Dún Bhun na Gaillimhe ('Fort at the Mouth of the Gaillimh') is constructed by the King of Connacht Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair. 
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