Timeline - Don't miss out on what the city has to offer!

ESL - Timeline
2011 Occupy Wall Street movement inspires peaceful resistance around the world. Traders keep on trading.

2001 September 11 attacks. The World Trade Center is destroyed by terrorists.

1997 Rudy Giuliani becomes mayor and works hard to make New York a safer, cleaner city. (Some residents preferred it before).

1980 Jean-Michel Basquiat meets Andy Warhol. Prolific young artists dominate the bull market of New York art.

Late 1970s Hip hop movement, breakdance and further music to come develops around the Jamaican community in South Bronx.

1977 Legendary disco Studio 54 opens. Among the many celebrities who frequent the club are Liza Minnelli, Michael Jackson, Salvador Dali, Truman Capote, Frank Sinatra, Jasper Jones, Jack Nicholson, Jane Fonda, Yves Saint Laurent, Grace Jones, David Bowie, Mick Jagger, Martin Scorsese, and many more.

1973 The World Trade Center's Twin Towers become the tallest buildings in the world.

1960s-1970s Alegre and Fania All-Stars feature la crème of Afro-Caribbean musicians in epic jam sessions. This brings the salsa phenomenon to a massive show at the Yankee Stadium in 1973. New York is the epicentre of Latin music.

1961 Bill Evans Trio featuring Scott LaFaro and Paul Motian record the legendary concerts at the Village Vanguard.

1959 The Guggenheim (guggenheim.org)Museum designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright opens on the Upper East Side hosting avant-garde exhibitions as well as a renowned collection of modern and contemporary art.
ESL - Timeline
1949 Birdland (birdlandjazz.com) jazz club opens on 52nd Street, Jackson Pollock is at the peak of his fame, the Beat Generation writers meet in the Village and lights shine on Broadway. New York becomes the cultural capital of creativity and innovation for the decade to come and beyond. The place to be!

1940s Jam Sessions taking place at Minton’s Playhouse in Harlem host the pioneering bebop musicians who strongly contributed to the emergence of modern music.

1939 New York World's Fair. A time capsule is buried with instructions to be opened in the year 6939.

1931 The Empire State Building is erected. The iconic Art Deco skyscraper will stand as the world’s tallest building for 40 years.

1920s-1930s The Savoy Ballroom, the Cotton Club, the Apollo Theatre and many other nightclubs welcome the Who’s Who of a cultural Golden Era. The Harlem Renaissance sets the foundations of Afro American social integration and pursuit of civil rights leading to the sixties emancipation.

1913 Grand Central Terminal opens.

1907 The New York taxi arrives replaces horse-drawn omnibuses.

1892 Ellis Island opens for immigration. Over the next 32 years, more than 12 million immigrants arrive in the USA through the facility.

1886 Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi's statue of "Liberty Enlightening the World" is presented to the United States by the people of France to mark the centenary of the American Revolution.

1858 Macy’s opens and plans for Central Park are laid out.

1845 The New York Knickerbocker Baseball organization is founded and the rules of baseball are formalised. The sport soon replaces cricket as America’s number 1.

1835 A fire destroys almost all of Lower Manhattan.

1801 The New York Post is founded by Alexander Hamilton.

1792 Under a buttonwood tree on Wall Street, the stock exchange is born.

1789 Washington's inauguration as president takes place in New York.

1776 On July 9th, George Washington reads the Declaration of Independence to his troops. A royal statue is melted down to make musket bullets.

1766 The First St. Patrick's Day Parade takes place in New York City.

1762 The City installs lamps to illuminate its streets. They are fuelled with whale oil.

1664 English nobleman the Duke of York sends an armada to the Port of New Amsterdam to take the city from the Dutch. It is rechristened New York!

1641 The Wooden Horse opens: New Amsterdam’s first pub.

1626 Peter Minuit, the first director general of New Amsterdam, buys Manhattan from the Algonquian Indians for cloth, beads, trinkets and other items worth approximately $24 in total.

1624 Belgian and Dutch settlers arrive at Manhattan and form a new colony called New Amsterdam.

1609 British sailor Henry Hudson sails into New York Harbour on the Half Moon. The Hudson River would later be named after him.

1524 Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazano sails into New York Harbour in search of the Northwest Passage. He is greeted by the native Lenape people, whose influence can be seen in names like “Manhattan”.
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