The Hangul alphabet is a phonemic one, using syllabic demarcation and including 24 letters (14 consonants and 10 vowels). Modern Korean is transcribed with spaces between words and western punctuation marks. In olden days, Korean used to be written in columns from top to bottom and from right to left but people today write in rows from left to right, from top to bottom. In poetry, however, the traditional format remains.
Colloquial language in South Korea originates from the dialect spoken in the area around Seoul and has quite a flat intonation (Korean is not a tonal language like Chinese and Vietnamese). It uses the subject-object-verb format and the determining article is placed before the determined noun. No number, no article or gender is used. Verbs are not conjugated according to the person but take into account the aspect, tense and level of politeness expressed. The function of the word in the sentence is determined by invariable particles.
Kanun mari kooaya onun mari kopta = Say kind words if you want to hear kind words.
Morunun ke yakida = Ignorance is bliss.
Classification by family: isolate, sometimes included in the proposed family of Altaic languages (which includes Mongol, Turkish, Japonic and Tungusic languages).