Language course in St Petersburg: Timeline

ESL - Timeline
2008 Local football club Zenit St Petersburg win the UEFA Europa League competition, beating Glasgow Rangers 2-0 in the final at the City of Manchester Stadium.

2003 The Amber Room at Catherine Palace – a room decorated entirely with amber, which was lost during World War II – is re-created with funding from Germany.

1991 Leningrad becomes Saint Petersburg again with the end of the USSR. It is often called simply "Peter".

1990 UNESCO puts the city’s historic centre on the World Heritage List.

1955 The Leningrad Metro system opens. Its first eight stations are decorated with marble and bronze but newer stations are less ornate.

1950 Kirov Stadium opens and soon sets a record for Soviet football when over 100,000 fans attend a match between Leningrad and Moscow.

September 1941 to January 1944 The Siege of Leningrad (blokada) is one of the longest, most destructive and most lethal city sieges in modern history. More than one million civilians die, mainly from starvation as the daily bread ration is reduced to 125 grams. The city does not surrender and the German invasion is halted.

1934 Sergey Kirov, popular communist leader of Leningrad, is assassinated on December 1st. Stalin’s Great Purge begins.

1924 Petrograd becomes Leningrad five days after Lenin's death.

1917 The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, storm the Winter Palace on November 7th in an event now known as the October Revolution. Communists take control of Russia and power soon moves to Moscow.

1914 Against the backdrop of World War I, Saint Petersburg becomes Petrograd to remove the German elements of its old name. At the St. Petersburg 1914 chess tournament, the Tsar first formally confers the title “Grandmaster”.

1905 When a peaceful demonstration of workers is fired on by troops on Palace Square, the Revolution of 1905 begins in Saint Petersburg and spreads rapidly into the provinces.

1897 The first football match in Russia is played on Vasilievsky Island, between the local English team Ostrov and the local Russian team Petrograd. The English team win 6–0.

1850 Blagoveshchensky Bridge opens: the first permanent bridge across the Neva.

1825 The suppressed Decembrist revolt against Nicholas I takes place at Senate Square, a day after he assumes the throne.

1764 The Hermitage Museum is founded by Catherine the Great. In the decades that follow, Saint Petersburg becomes one of the world’s most important cities of art and culture, as the Russian Enlightenment flourishes.

1736–1737 Saint Petersburg suffers from catastrophic fires and is redesigned by a committee under Burkhard Christoph von Münnich. Many of Europe’s most famous architects are brought in to develop the city in a neoclassical style.

1716 Peter the Great appoints Alexandre Le Blond as the chief architect of Saint Petersburg.

1713 Saint Petersburg becomes the imperial capital of Russia and, apart from a break between 1728 and 1732, remains the capital until 1918.

1703 Saint Petersburg is founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 27th May, partly to give Russia access to the Baltic Sea. He originally gives it the Dutch name Sankt Pieter Burkh, before settling on the Germanic Saint Petersburg, reflecting his desire for a European city.

1611 A Swedish fortress called Nyenschantz is constructed at the mouth of the River Neva in Swedish Ingria: the location of modern-day Saint Petersburg.

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